Are you tired of completing repetitive tasks manually? Do you want to optimize your business processes and save valuable time and resources? Look no further than the powerful combination of BPMN and RPA.
BPMN, or Business Process Model and Notation, is a graphical representation of business workflows, while RPA, or Robotic Process Automation, is the use of software bots to automate repetitive tasks. When these two cutting-edge technologies are combined, businesses can achieve unparalleled levels of efficiency and productivity.
In this comprehensive guide, we’ll delve into the world of BPMN and RPA, exploring their differences and similarities. We’ll also take a deep dive into popular BPMN toolkits, such as Django-BPMN, Apache BPMN, and Golang BPMN, as well as RPA frameworks like SpiffWorkflow and BPMN-RPA Python.
Additionally, we’ll go over the essential requirements for implementing BPMN and RPA into your processes and introduce you to powerful tools like the Python BPMN parser and Python-BPMN Github repository to make the transition even smoother.
Don’t miss out on this opportunity to streamline your business operations and increase productivity. Join us on a journey into the exciting world of BPMN and RPA.
Understanding BPMN and RPA
Business Process Model and Notation (BPMN) and Robotic Process Automation (RPA) are two technologies that are revolutionizing the way organizations approach workflow management. While both technologies are different in their approach, they complement each other in functionality.
What is BPMN
In simple terms, BPMN is a graphical representation of a business process. It consists of a set of symbols, like circles, rectangles, and arrows, that are used to map out various aspects of a process, including tasks and decision points. BPMN helps organizations create a visual representation of their workflow, which helps them understand how work is done and identify areas for improvements.
What is RPA
RPA is a type of software that uses bots to automate repetitive, rule-based tasks, such as data entry, invoice processing, and customer support. These bots can mimic human actions, like clicking buttons and typing on a keyboard, to complete tasks quickly and accurately. RPA can be used to automate tasks across multiple systems and applications, which helps organizations save time and reduce errors.
How are BPMN and RPA related
BPMN and RPA work together to improve business processes. Organizations can use BPMN to map out their workflows and identify areas where they can introduce RPA bots. For example, once a process has been mapped out using BPMN, organizations can identify tasks that are repetitive and rule-based, and then introduce RPA bots to automate those tasks.
Benefits of Using BPMN and RPA
By using BPMN and RPA together, organizations can streamline their workflow and achieve numerous benefits, such as:
- Increased efficiency: By automating repetitive tasks, organizations can free up employees to focus on more complex and strategic work.
- Improved accuracy: RPA bots can perform tasks with a high degree of accuracy and consistency, which reduces errors and improves data quality.
- Cost savings: By automating tasks, organizations can reduce the time and resources required to complete them, which can save money in the long run.
In conclusion, BPMN and RPA are two powerful technologies that can transform the way organizations approach workflow management. While BPMN helps organizations map out their workflows, RPA can automate repetitive tasks within those workflows. By using both technologies together, organizations can achieve increased efficiency, improved accuracy, and cost savings.
RPA vs. BPM: Two Sides of the Same Coin
When it comes to process automation, two acronyms often come up: RPA and BPM. While they may seem interchangeable, they’re actually quite different. Here’s a breakdown of what sets them apart.
BPM: The Big Picture
BPM, or Business Process Management, is all about optimizing processes across an entire organization. It encompasses everything from analyzing and modeling a process to designing, executing, and monitoring it. Think of BPM as the “big picture” approach to automation.
BPM is typically used for complex, end-to-end processes that involve multiple departments and stakeholders. It’s also great for processes that require compliance and risk management, like financial processes or those in heavily regulated industries.
RPA: The Tactical Solution
RPA, or Robotic Process Automation, is a more tactical solution. Instead of focusing on the big picture, RPA involves automating specific tasks within a process. It’s like having a digital assistant that takes care of all the repetitive manual tasks.
RPA is best suited for processes with high-volume, repetitive tasks that don’t require a lot of decision-making. For example, a company might use RPA to automate invoice processing or data entry.
Finding the Right Fit
So, which one should you choose: RPA or BPM? The answer is…it depends! Both have their strengths and weaknesses, and the right choice depends on your specific situation.
If you have a complex process that involves multiple departments, compliance, and risk management, BPM is probably the way to go. On the other hand, if you have a lot of repetitive tasks that are ripe for automation, RPA might be the better choice.
But keep in mind that RPA and BPM aren’t mutually exclusive. In fact, they can work together quite nicely. For example, you can use RPA to automate the repetitive tasks within a larger BPM process.
While BPM and RPA may seem similar on the surface, they’re actually very different. BPM is all about optimizing processes across an entire organization, while RPA is more tactical and focused on automating specific tasks. The right choice depends on your specific situation, but don’t rule out the possibility of using both together. With the right approach, you can create a comprehensive automation strategy that leverages the strengths of both.
Django-BPMN: The Ultimate Combination for Streamlined Business Processes
Are you tired of managing complex business workflows manually? Do you want to automate repetitive and time-consuming tasks to save time and energy? Django-BPMN has got you covered.
Django-BPMN is a powerful and extensible workflow engine that integrates with Django, the popular Python web framework. With Django-BPMN, you can easily define, execute, and monitor business processes using the BPMN 2.0 standard notation.
Understanding BPMN and RPA
Before we delve into the nitty-gritty of Django-BPMN, let’s briefly cover what BPMN and RPA are. BPMN stands for Business Process Model and Notation. It is a graphical representation of a business process that defines the sequence of activities, events, gateways, and flows. BPMN helps stakeholders visualize, understand, and communicate business processes in a standardized way.
On the other hand, RPA stands for Robotic Process Automation. It refers to the use of software robots or bots to automate repetitive and rule-based tasks in business processes. RPA is a technology that can work with BPMN to execute the processes in a more streamlined and accurate manner.
Features of Django-BPMN
Django-BPMN comes with a set of features that make it an ideal choice for automating business processes. Let’s look at some of these features.
Django-BPMN has an intuitive web-based user interface that allows users to create, edit, and monitor business processes with ease. The UI is customizable, so you can adapt it to your specific needs.
BPMN 2.0 Standard Support
Django-BPMN fully supports the BPMN 2.0 standard, which means you can model any complex business process using the notation. This enables stakeholders to collaborate and communicate with clear diagrams and workflows.
Robust Workflow Engine
Django-BPMN’s workflow engine is robust and flexible. It can handle complex workflows with multiple branches and parallel activities. The engine supports advanced features like conditional flows, loops, and subprocesses.
Integration with Django
Django-BPMN integrates seamlessly with Django, which means you can leverage its vast ecosystem of packages, modules, and tools. This integration allows you to store workflow-related data in Django’s database and leverage its authentication and permission systems.
In conclusion, Django-BPMN is a powerful tool for modeling, executing, and monitoring business processes. It combines the best of BPMN and RPA, enabling you to automate complex workflows and enhance business efficiency. If you’re looking for a reliable workflow engine to streamline your business processes, look no further than Django-BPMN.
Apache BPMN: A Powerful Open-Source Process Management Platform
Have you heard of Apache BPMN? If not, you’re missing out on a powerful open-source process management platform that can help you automate business processes. Apache BPMN is an acronym for Business Process Model and Notation, and it’s an open-source standard for process modeling. It’s designed to be easy to understand, and it’s used by organizations around the world to document, model, and analyze processes.
What is Apache BPMN
Apache BPMN is an open-source platform for modeling business processes. It’s based on the BPMN 2.0 specification, which is a widely adopted standard for process modeling. Apache BPMN provides a comprehensive, user-friendly, and powerful set of tools for modeling, executing, and monitoring business processes. It’s designed to be scalable, reliable, and efficient, making it an ideal platform for organizations of all sizes.
How does Apache BPMN work
Apache BPMN provides a set of tools for modeling processes, including a graphical editor and a web-based user interface. The editor allows you to create diagrams that represent your business processes. You can use the editor to add shapes, colors, and labels to represent tasks, events, gateways, and flows in your process.
Once you’ve created your diagram, you can use Apache ODE, an Apache BPMN runtime engine, to execute your process. Apache ODE takes your process diagram and converts it into executable code, which can be run on a server. You can also use Apache Camel, an Apache integration framework, to connect your process to other systems and applications.
Why should you use Apache BPMN
Apache BPMN is a powerful and flexible process management platform that can help you automate your business processes. It’s open-source, which means you can use it for free, and it’s backed by a large and active community of developers. Apache BPMN is also highly customizable, so you can tailor it to meet your specific needs.
In addition, Apache BPMN is scalable, reliable, and efficient, making it suitable for organizations of all sizes. It offers a user-friendly interface and a comprehensive set of tools for modeling, executing, and monitoring processes. And because it’s based on a widely adopted standard, you can be confident that your processes will be compatible with other systems and applications.
If you’re looking for a powerful and flexible process management platform, Apache BPMN is a great choice. It’s open-source, highly customizable, and backed by a large and active community of developers. It’s designed to be easy to understand, and it offers a comprehensive set of tools for modeling, executing, and monitoring business processes. So why not give Apache BPMN a try and see how it can help you automate your processes and improve your business efficiency?
Golang and BPMN: Why It’s a Perfect Match
If you’re looking to create robust and efficient automation workflows, then you need to consider using the Business Process Model and Notation (BPMN) framework with Go (Golang) programming language. This marriage brings together the excellence and flexibility of two powerful tools that can help you automate every aspect of your business processes.
Golang is a programming language that was developed by Google to build scalable and efficient software solutions. It is renowned for its lightning-fast execution that makes it well-suited for handling large-scale software projects. This speed is due to its unique memory management model, which makes it perfect for high-performance computing.
On the other hand, BPMN is a framework designed to provide a graphical notation for modelling business processes. It is used to create visual diagrams that describe the flow of a business process, providing a standardized way to design, analyze, and implement automated workflows. It’s one of the most popular workflow automation frameworks out there.
Why They’re a Perfect Match
Together, BPMN and Golang offer an excellent combination that enables you to build high-performance software solutions that can automate every aspect of your business process. With Golang, you get a powerful programming language capable of handling high-throughput systems at scale, while BPMN enables you to create automated workflows that can streamline your business processes and increase productivity.
One of the key benefits of using Golang with BPMN is the ability to leverage the power of Go’s concurrency model, which allows you to run multiple tasks concurrently. This leads to better performance and faster completion of tasks, making it perfect for handling complex business processes.
Another advantage is the ease at which you can integrate Golang with other applications and systems. Golang has a lot of built-in libraries that make it easy to talk to other APIs and services, allowing you to integrate with your existing business systems seamlessly.
In conclusion, Golang and BPMN are two powerful tools that can help you automate your business processes efficiently. By combining Golang’s high-performance computing capabilities with BPMN’s graphical notation, you can create software solutions that can handle complex workflows reliably. It’s an excellent match for businesses looking to streamline their operations and increase productivity.
SPIFFWorkflow: Streamlining Your Automation Processes
SPIFFWorkflow is a powerful tool designed to simplify the automation process and improve efficiency. Here’s a closer look at what makes SPIFFWorkflow such a valuable addition to any automation solution.
What is SPIFFWorkflow
At its core, SPIFFWorkflow is an intelligent automation platform that uses BPMN and RPA to automate tasks within an organization. The acronym SPIFF stands for Standard, Parallel, Integrated, Fault-tolerant, and Flexible. Each of these characteristics plays an essential role in helping organizations streamline their automation processes.
Why Choose SPIFFWorkflow
One of the major benefits of SPIFFWorkflow is its ability to integrate with a wide variety of other applications, including Salesforce, Oracle, SAP, and more. This allows organizations to leverage their existing tech stack while introducing automation to their workflows.
Another key advantage of SPIFFWorkflow is its fault-tolerant design. The platform has been built to handle errors and unexpected events, ensuring that automation processes continue to run smoothly even in the event of a problem.
Flexible and Scalable
SPIFFWorkflow is highly flexible, which means it can be customized to meet the needs of any organization. This includes support for data-driven workflows, conditional executions, and task prioritization.
With its scalable architecture, SPIFFWorkflow is an excellent choice for organizations of all sizes. Whether you’re a small business with a few automation tasks or a large enterprise automating an entire department, SPIFFWorkflow can handle your needs.
In conclusion, SPIFFWorkflow is a powerful automation platform that can help organizations streamline their workflows and improve efficiency. With its flexible, fault-tolerant design and ability to integrate with a wide variety of applications, SPIFFWorkflow is a valuable addition to any automation solution.
Using Python with BPMN and RPA
BPMN and RPA are powerful tools that can help streamline business processes and reduce human error. Python is a popular programming language that can be used to automate these processes and create more efficient workflows. In this subsection, we will explore the benefits of using Python for BPMN and RPA.
Python Libraries for BPMN and RPA
Python has many libraries and packages that can be used for BPMN and RPA automation. Some of the most popular libraries include:
1. Camunda BPM
Camunda is an open-source workflow and decision automation platform that can be used to create BPMN workflows. It has a Python client library that can be used to interact with the Camunda engine and automate processes.
UiPath is an RPA software platform that can be used to automate repetitive tasks. It has a Python library that can be used to interact with the UiPath platform and automate workflows.
3. Apache Airflow
Apache Airflow is a platform to programmatically author, schedule, and monitor workflows. It can be used to create automated workflows and integrate them with other systems. It has a Python library that can be used to create and manage workflows.
Benefits of Using Python for BPMN and RPA
Python is a versatile programming language that can be used for a wide range of applications. Using Python for BPMN and RPA automation has many benefits, including:
1. Fast and Efficient
Python is a high-level programming language that is designed for rapid development. It has a simple syntax that is easy to read and write. This makes it easier to create automated processes and workflows.
2. Large Community
Python has a large and active community of developers who contribute to a variety of libraries and packages. This makes it easier to find solutions to common problems and integrate with other systems.
3. Cross-Platform Compatibility
Python is a cross-platform programming language that can run on Windows, macOS, and Linux. This makes it easier to create workflows that can be used on multiple platforms.
4. Easy Integration
Python can be easily integrated with other systems and APIs. This makes it easier to create workflows that automate multiple systems and processes.
In conclusion, Python is a powerful programming language that can be used to automate BPMN and RPA processes. Its versatility, large community, and easy integration make it a great choice for businesses looking to streamline their workflows and reduce human error.
When it comes to business process automation, BPMN (Business Process Model and Notation) is the go-to standard. However, to create a successful BPMN model for an RPA project, you need to consider some requirements:
One of the most important things to consider when creating a BPMN model is clarity. Your model must be easy to understand for everyone involved in the project, from business analysts to developers. Therefore, you should use clear and concise notation, remove redundant elements, and ensure that the logic of the process is easy to follow.
To ensure the success of an RPA project, it’s crucial to collaborate effectively with stakeholders. Therefore, you should involve them throughout the BPMN modeling process, from the initial requirements gathering to the final testing phase. This ensures that everyone is on the same page, and the BPMN model can be developed to meet everyone’s expectations.
When creating a BPMN model for an RPA project, it’s important to think about scalability. Your model should be flexible enough to adapt to changes in the business process. This is where an iterative approach can be useful, allowing you to refine and improve the model over time as you gain more insight into the process.
Another important requirement to consider when creating a BPMN model for an RPA project is data flow. In order to create an efficient and effective RPA solution, you need to understand how data moves through the process. Therefore, you should map out the data flow in your BPMN model, from input to output, to ensure that the RPA solution is designed to work with the data in an optimal way.
Finally, compliance is a critical requirement to consider when creating a BPMN model for an RPA project. Depending on the industry and location, there may be specific regulations and standards that must be followed. Therefore, you should ensure that your BPMN model is compliant with all applicable regulations and standards.
In conclusion, creating a successful BPMN model for an RPA project requires careful consideration of several key requirements, including clarity, stakeholder engagement, scalability, data flow, and compliance. By addressing these requirements, you can ensure that your BPMN model is effective, efficient, and compliant, and that your RPA solution delivers real business value.
Python BPMN Parser
Business Process Model and Notation (BPMN) is a standard for modeling business processes and workflows. It provides a graphical notation for representing workflows and processes, making them easier to understand and communicate. BPMN models can be used in various areas such as project management, software development, and business analysis.
Python BPMN parser is a software tool that allows users to parse and manipulate BPMN files using the Python programming language. This tool is particularly useful for developers who want to interact with BPMN files programmatically.
How Does Python BPMN Parser Work
Python BPMN parser converts BPMN files, which usually come in XML format, into Python objects that can be easily manipulated and analyzed. These objects can be further processed using standard Python libraries and modules.
Key Features of Python BPMN Parser
Python BPMN parser has several key features that make it a popular choice among developers. Some of these features include:
Python BPMN parser is easy to use and does not require developers to have an in-depth understanding of BPMN. It provides a simple interface for parsing and manipulating BPMN files, reducing the time and effort required to work with such files.
Python BPMN parser is scalable and can handle large BPMN files with ease. It works well for both small and large organizations that need to process complex workflows and processes.
Python BPMN parser is open-source and freely available to developers. This makes it an attractive choice for developers who want to work with BPMN files but do not want to pay for expensive commercial tools.
Python BPMN parser is a cross-platform tool and can be used on different operating systems, including Windows, Linux, and Mac. This makes it easy for developers to work on BPMN files regardless of the platform they are using.
Python BPMN Parser: Conclusion
Python BPMN parser is a useful tool for developers who want to work with BPMN files using Python. It provides an easy-to-use interface for parsing and manipulating BPMN files and has several key features that make it a popular choice among developers. If you’re planning to work with BPMN files in Python, Python BPMN parser is definitely worth checking out.
Python-BPMN on Github
Python-BPMN is an open-source project that provides a Python implementation of the Business Process Model and Notation (BPMN) standard. It is available on Github and can be downloaded and installed for free. This section will cover everything you need to know about Python-BPMN on Github.
What is Github
Github is a web-based platform that is commonly used for software development projects. It is used to host and manage code repositories, allowing developers to collaborate on projects and contribute code changes. Github has quickly become the go-to platform for open-source projects due to its ease of use and intuitive interface.
Finding Python-BPMN on Github
To find Python-BPMN on Github, simply navigate to the Github website and use the search feature to search for “Python-BPMN.” Alternatively, you can use a search engine like Google and search for “Python-BPMN Github.” The Github page for Python-BPMN will be one of the top results.
Downloading and Installing Python-BPMN
To download and install Python-BPMN, you first need to clone the repository to your local machine. This can be done using the Git command-line tool or a GUI tool like Github Desktop. Once you have the code on your local machine, you can install it using the standard Python package installation tools.
Contributing to Python-BPMN on Github
If you are interested in contributing to Python-BPMN on Github, there are many ways to get involved. You can contribute code changes, report bugs, write documentation, or help with testing. To get started, simply create an account on Github, fork the Python-BPMN repository, and start contributing.
Python-BPMN on Github is a useful tool for anyone working with BPMN diagrams in Python. It is a powerful and flexible library that can help you build BPMN-based workflows quickly and easily. Whether you are a developer, a business analyst, or a project manager, Python-BPMN on Github is a great tool to have in your toolkit.
What is BPMN in RPA
Are you interested in learning more about BPMN in RPA? If so, you’re in the right place! In this section, you’ll discover all you need to know about BPMN as it relates to RPA.
What Does BPMN Stand For
BPMN is an acronym that stands for “Business Process Model and Notation.” This standard notation is used to represent and visually depict business processes. In other words, BPMN is a diagramming language that businesses use to represent the steps involved in their workflow.
How Does BPMN Relate to RPA
When it comes to RPA, businesses can use BPMN to create detailed process maps that document every step involved in a particular workflow. This information can then be fed to an RPA tool that automates these processes. Automating processes with RPA can help organizations reduce costs, increase productivity, and eliminate errors.
Key Benefits of Using BPMN in RPA
By utilizing BPMN in RPA, businesses can achieve a broad range of benefits. Here’s a closer look at some of the key advantages:
Improved Efficiency and Consistency
By automating processes with RPA, businesses can ensure that every step in a workflow is executed in a consistent and efficient manner. This improves accuracy and lowers the risk of errors.
As businesses grow, they often struggle to scale their processes to keep up with demand. With RPA and BPMN, businesses can automate processes to keep up with growth, without needing to add additional staff.
By automating processes with RPA, businesses can reduce costs associated with human labor and streamline their operations, leading to significant cost savings in the long run.
In conclusion, BPMN is an essential tool in RPA that businesses can use to document their workflows and automate their operations. By doing so, they can achieve significant cost savings, improve efficiency, and scale their operations more effectively.
What is BPMN Workflow
BPMN stands for Business Process Model and Notation. It is a graphical representation of a business process flow that provides a standardized way to map out and communicate the steps in a business process. In other words, BPMN workflow helps to translate complex business processes into a more understandable and structured format.
Why use BPMN Workflow
BPMN Workflow provides numerous benefits for organizations. Firstly, it offers a clear representation of business processes, which leads to better communication and improved understanding between different team members. Secondly, it enhances transparency and accountability throughout the entire workflow, making it easier to identify any bottlenecks or inefficiencies. Thirdly, it helps organizations achieve compliance and adhere to regulatory requirements. Finally, it enables companies to continuously improve their processes by identifying areas of improvement and optimizing workflows accordingly.
BPMN Workflow Symbols
BPMN Workflow uses a set of symbols to represent different steps and processes within a workflow. These symbols include events, activities, and gateways. Events represent the start or end of a process, activities represent tasks or actions that need to be taken, and gateways represent diverging paths or decisions points within the workflow.
Key Features of BPMN Workflow
BPMN Workflow offers several key features that make it stand out. Firstly, it uses a standardized notation that allows for easy communication and understanding between different stakeholders. Secondly, it can be easily integrated with other systems and applications, making it a powerful tool for process automation. Finally, it provides a scalable and flexible framework that can be adapted to meet the specific needs and requirements of an organization.
In conclusion, BPMN workflow is an essential tool for businesses looking to streamline their operations and improve their processes. It provides a structured and standardized approach to process mapping and enables organizations to achieve greater transparency, efficiency, and compliance. By using BPMN Workflow, companies can stay ahead of the competition and drive growth and success.
Is RPA the Same as BPM
When people talk about digital transformation, two technologies frequently come up: Robotic Process Automation (RPA) and Business Process Model and Notation (BPMN). However, it can be challenging to understand the differences between the two and which technology is best suited to address specific business problems. In this section, we will clarify what BPMN and RPA are and discuss if they are the same.
Definition of BPMN
BPMN stands for Business Process Model and Notation. It is a notation standard used to represent business processes graphically. It provides a common language that allows organizations to communicate complex business processes efficiently. The primary benefit of BPMN is that it helps organizations to automate, analyze, and optimize their processes.
Definition of RPA
RPA stands for Robotic Process Automation. It is a technology that involves using machine-learning algorithms and artificial intelligence to automate repetitive and mundane tasks. RPA is designed to perform tasks that would typically require human intervention, such as data entry, data extraction, and data validation.
Are RPA and BPMN the Same
RPA and BPMN are not the same things, and they cater to different business needs. RPA is designed to automate repetitive and mundane tasks, whereas BPMN is meant for modeling and documenting business processes.
BPMN helps you understand business processes and improve them, while RPA helps you automate specific tasks within those processes. This means that BPMN could be used to identify and document the business processes before automation takes place using RPA. In this way, BPMN and RPA can work together in a complementary fashion.
In conclusion, RPA and BPMN are not the same things. The main difference between them is that BPMN enables the documentation and analysis of business processes, while RPA automates tasks within those processes. When used together, BPMN and RPA can help organizations to streamline their processes, automate mundane tasks, and unlock significant cost savings.
What do BPM and RPA stand for
When it comes to discussing process automation, two acronyms come up frequently: BPM and RPA. In this section, we will discuss the meaning of these two acronyms.
BPM stands for Business Process Management. It refers to the practice of analyzing, modeling, and optimizing business processes to improve productivity, efficiency, and customer satisfaction. It involves identifying the various steps involved in a business process, determining how these steps are linked, and finding ways to streamline and optimize the process.
RPA stands for Robotic Process Automation. It is a technology that automates repetitive and routine tasks using software robots. These robots can interact with digital systems just like humans do, and they can perform tasks such as data entry, form filling, and document processing much faster and more accurately.
How are BPM and RPA related
BPM and RPA are complementary technologies that work together to drive process automation. While BPM focuses on optimizing and streamlining business processes, RPA automates specific tasks within those processes. The result is an end-to-end process automation solution that can deliver significant cost savings, efficiency gains, and improved customer service.
By combining BPM and RPA, organizations can achieve greater process visibility, agility, and responsiveness. They can identify areas where automation can have the most significant impact, and they can deploy RPA robots to automate those tasks quickly and easily. This approach can help organizations to stay competitive in a fast-paced and rapidly-evolving business environment.
In conclusion, BPM and RPA are two essential tools that organizations can use to automate and optimize their business processes. By understanding these acronyms and their respective functions, you will be able to appreciate the benefits that automation can bring to your organization. In the next section, we will look at some of the benefits of using BPM and RPA together.